The number of children eligible for free school meals in England has risen since the start of the pandemic.
As the summer holidays approach, what support will be available to them?
How many children get free school meals?
More than one in five pupils (1.7 million) in England were eligible in January 2021.
The number rose by more than 400,000 in the previous 10 months, from the start of the first lockdown in March 2020.
Although numbers have increased in previous years, the 2020 rise was steeper than before.
Children are eligible if their household income is less than £7,400 (excluding benefits) or if they receive certain welfare payments.
Most children on free school meals are at state-funded primary schools. The rate is highest in north-east England.
What will happen during the summer holidays?
Unlike last summer, the government is not directly funding vouchers or food packages this year.
Labour called on ministers to “trust parents” by giving them cash payments over the summer. But instead, rather than offer free meals, the government has allocated £220m for local councils to offer free holiday clubs.
These clubs will offer free healthy food and physical activities. Funding is expected to cover activities for at least four hours a day, four days a week, for four weeks of the holidays.
The scheme – the Holiday Activities and Food Programme – was launched as a pilot before the pandemic, but is now being rolled out across England.
Councils are expected to offer free club access to all children eligible for free school meals. Children who do not receive free meals may still be offered places, but not for free.
What has Marcus Rashford said about this summer’s plans?
The Manchester United player had previously called for free school meal support to be extended again this summer.
But since then, he has said the holiday clubs programme is a “massive” opportunity for kids.
What is the situation in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland?
In Scotland, the government has allocated £22 million of funding to allow councils to provide some free meal support during school holidays.
Local authorities in Wales will be able to claim £19.50 per week for each eligible child to make free meal support available in the holidays.
What help have pupils got since the pandemic started?
- First 2020 lockdown – families with children on free school meals were offered food packages or vouchers during term-time
- Easter 2020 – a campaign (later backed by Marcus Rashford) led to ministers extending the support over the holidays
- Summer 2020 – additional funding was put in place so children eligible for free school meals could claim a six-week voucher
- November 2020 – a funding package, the Covid Winter Grant Scheme, was introduced to support families
- January 2021 – the original term-time voucher scheme returned in lockdown, but with parents expected to rely on winter grant money during holidays
Which children get free school meals?
Free school meals during term-time have been at least partially funded by the government for more than a century.
- Income support
- Income-based jobseeker’s allowance
- Income-related employment and support allowance
- Universal credit
New claims made in England must come from households earning a maximum income of £7,400 a year after tax, not including benefits.
All infant state school pupils (Reception, Years 1 and 2) can get free school meals.
If your child is getting free school meals on 31 March 2022, they’ll keep getting them until they finish their stage of education, for example primary or secondary.
The household-income threshold in Scotland and Wales is also £7,400. In Northern Ireland it is £14,000.